Biological effects of exposure to radiation radiation can harm either the whole body somatic damage or eggs and sperm genetic damage its effects are more pronounced in cells that reproduce rapidly such as the stomach lining hair follicles bone marrow and embryos. Damage to biological tissues however is proportional to the amount of energy absorbed by tissues not air the most common unit used to measure the effects of radiation on biological tissue is the rad radiation absorbed dose the si equivalent is the gray gy. Biological radiation a9tion comprises all levels of biological organization it starts with the absorption in essential atoms and molecules and ends with the development of cancer and genetic hazards to future generations the structure of the book reflects this. The effect of radiation on human tissue or any other material can be studied as the biological effects of radiation the radiation produced by nuclear reactions includes high energy charged particles alpha and beta neutrons of various energies and photons gamma and x rays in addition to this primary radiation nuclear fission also produces radioactive isotopes of many elements which
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